King Rehoboam was the last king of the 12 united tribes which he ruled for a brief period until a revolt broke the peace (1 Kings 12). This made him the first king of the southern kingdom comprised of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin.

He was the son of King Solomon and therefore a descendant of King David. His mother was an Ammonite (non-Jew) called Naamah. See 1 Kings 14:21.

He did evil in the eyes of the LORD. See 1 Kings 14:22-24, 2 Chronicles 12:14.

He lived in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 11:5).


He became king at the age of 41 years and ruled for a total of 17 years in Jerusalem (1 Kings 14:21, 2 Chronicles 12:13) and his son, Abijah, succeeded him as king (1 Kings 14:31). His coronation was in Shechem (1 Kings 12:1, 2 Chronicles 10:1).

During his reign there was continual warfare between [King Jeroboam][king- jeroboam-son-of-nebat] and him (1 Kings 14:30).


All in all, he had 18 wives, 60 concubines, 28 sons and sixty daughters (2 Chronicles 11:21). Only a few are mentioned:

Child Mother
Jeush Mahalath, daughter of Jerimoth (David’s son) and Abihail (daughter of Jesse’s son Eliab)
Shemariah Mahalath
Zaham Mahalath
Abijah Maachah, daughter of Absalom
Attai Maachah
Ziza Maachah
Shelomith Maachah